The grouping of emerging economies, known as BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), takes a more and more important role in international and world economic policy. Following is the WDEV documentation of the BRICS Finance Ministers’ Joint Communiqué issued at the end of their meeting in Washington, 22 September 2011, in the sidelines of the Annual Meetings of IMF and World Bank.
“We, the BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, met on 22 September 2011 in Washington DC, USA, amid growing concern regarding the state of the global economy.
While BRICS countries recovered quickly from the 2008-09 global financial crisis, some of us have been subject to inflationary pressures and growth prospects of all our countries have been dampened by global market instability. In advanced countries, the build up of sovereign debt and concerns regarding medium to long-term plans of fiscal adjustment are creating an uncertain environment for global growth. Also, excessive liquidity from aggressive policy actions taken by central banks to stabilize their domestic economies has been spilling over into emerging market economies, fostering excessive volatility in capital flows and commodity prices.
The immediate problem at hand is to get growth back on track in developed countries. In this context we welcome the recent fiscal package announced by USA as well as the decisions taken by Euro area countries to address financial tensions, notably by making the EFSF flexible. It is critical for advanced economies to adopt responsible macroeconomic and financial policies, avoid creating excessive global liquidity and undertake structural reforms to lift growth create jobs and reduce imbalances.
The current situation requires decisive actions. We are taking necessary steps to secure economic growth, maintain financial stability and contain inflation. We are also determined to speed up structural reform to sustain strong growth which would advance development and poverty reduction at home and benefit global growth and rebalancing. The contribution of BRICS countries and other emerging market economies to global growth is rising and will increase further. However, global rebalancing will take time and its impact may not be felt sufficiently in the short-term. We will also work to intensify trade and investment flows among our countries to build upon our synergies.
The BRICS are open to consider making additional efforts in working with other countries and International Financial Institutions in order to address the present challenges to global financial stability, depending on individual country circumstances.
We are concerned with the slow pace of quota and governance reforms in the IMF. The implementation of the 2010 reform is lagging. We must also move ahead with the comprehensive review of the quota formula by January 2013 and the completion of the next review of quotas by January 2014. This is needed to increase the legitimacy and effectiveness of the Fund. We reiterate our support for measures to protect the voice and representation of the IMF’s poorest members. We call on the IMF to make its surveillance more integrated and even-handed.
Multilateral Development Banks are considered by developing countries as important partners in helping them meet their long term development finance needs. In the current global economic environment, the Banks need to mobilize more resources to increase their assistance to low income and other developing countries including finding ways of expanding their lending capacity, so that development finance is not neglected.
In the face of a slowdown of global economic growth, it is necessary to maintain international policy co-operation and co-ordination. We remain committed to work with the international community, including making contributions to the G20 Cannes Action Plan consistent with national policy frameworks to ensure strong, sustainable and balanced growth. We shall work together in searching for a coordinated solution to the current challenges as we did in 2008-09.”
Posted: 23 September 2011
Recommended citation: Communiqué (2011) 'BRICS: The North must get back on track', World Economy & Development In Brief, 23 September 2011, Luxembourg (www.wdev.eu)
Weakening of workers' rights in most regions is being aggravated by severe crackdowns on freedom of speech and assembly, according to the 2016 Global Rights Index. Restrictions on freedom of speech and assembly, including severe crackdowns in some countries, increased by 22%, with 50 out of 141 countries surveyed recording restrictions.
The year 2015 was marked on the one hand by the inability of the European Union (EU) to emerge from the crisis, and on the other by a dramatic rise in the number of people taking flight from their homes and from their homelands, because of wars and terrorist attacks, in many cases caused by the destructive policies of the EU and of its member states.
The world economy stumbled in 2015 and only a modest improvement is projected for 2016/17 as a number of cyclical and structural headwinds persist, says the United Nations World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2016 report. Global growth is estimated at a mere 2.4% in 2015.
Within a few weeks leftwing governments in Latin America have experienced a breath-taking decline. The Latin American (centre-) left forces suffered several strategic defeats. They occurred in the biggest Latin American economies. First in Argentina, than in Venezuela, and also in Brazil the days of an uncontested majority of left forces are definitely over now.
14 years after their previous strategy on gender mainstreaming, the WBG has decided to develop a new Gender Equality (GE) Strategy. This briefing document presents WIDE+ critical reflections and key recommendations to enhance the new World Bank Group's (WBG) strategy on Gender Equality.